When looking at how truck drivers are paid it is a little more complicated than a traditional paycheck. It is based on mileage and a number of other things that may have occurred during your pay period.
Mileage Pay (.25 to .50 per mile)
This will account for the majority of your paycheck. Almost every company will pay you loaded and empty miles. Mileage calculation affects how truck drivers are paid greatly. This can be based on several different methods such as hub miles, household movers guide and practical miles.
- Hub mile pay is the best, it is the actual mileage driven from pickup to delivery. Almost no companies use this method.
- Household Movers is standardized mileage between two zip codes (main post office to main post office), by the shortest mileage route. In today’s world those roads may not be suitable, legal or fastest for a commercial vehicle to use. You will find that you actually drive 10 to 20 percent more miles than what you get paid for.
- Practical miles are a more realistic estimate of mileage. I found that at most companies who use practical miles it ended up being about 8 to 10 percent less than the miles you actually drove. It is still not a fair system but most things are not fair within the trucking industry.
Percentage (30% – 50%)
Some trucking companies do not pay mileage and will pay you a percentage of the total gross or net revenue of the load that you deliver. This can be an advantage if you regularly have short to medium hauls, high dollar freight and low deadhead miles . The disadvantage to this is that it can be very hard to tell if you are being paid accurately.
Stop Pay ($25 per stop)
Stop Pay is received when part of a load delivers somewhere else other than the final destination. An example would be you load at point X then deliver at point A, then B and then a final delivery at point C. You would be paid for two stops from delivering at points A and B.
Short Haul Pay ($25-$75)
Some over the road companies pay you a lump sum if you pick up a load that delivers within a small radius, usually within 100 miles.
Layover Pay ($25-$50)
Layover pay is how truck drivers are paid when you are ready for dispatch but the company cannot find a load for you. Generally speaking you are paid nothing for the first 24 hours and then you are paid a daily rate when you reach the 48 hour mark and so on.
Detention Pay ($12-$20 per hour)
Detention pay is pay received when you are detained by a shipper or consignee for more than two hours. This can vary greatly though depending on whether your company has a contract with the shipper or consignee. In most cases you can be detained for two hours but when the third hour is reached you are then paid for the full third hour and so on until released.
New York City pay is a single bonus that is paid to you in a lump sum when delivering to any of the five boroughs in New York City. Watch for low bridges in New York City, there everywhere!
Fuel Bonus (.01 – .03 per mile)
Fuel Bonus pay is generally paid in a lump sum annually, semiannually or quarterly. If your miles per gallon are at a certain rate then you will receive one or two cents per mile driven bonus for the year or time period.
Flatbed tarp pay ($20 – $50 per load tarped)
Flatbed drivers will receive tarp pay when a load must be tarped. How flatbed truck drivers are paid is the same in all other respects though.